ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC


ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC
ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC (Gerondi; mid-13th century), ḥazzan, kabbalist, and paytan in Gerona (Spain). One of the greatest kabbalists of his time, he was a pupil of isaac the blind from whom he learned the mystical intentions of the prayers according to the Kabbalah. Gerondi later enlarged on this teaching and introduced it into his own order of the prayers. Although his work Kabbalah me-Inyan ha-Tefillah le-Rabbi Avraham ("Tradition Concerning Prayer, According to R. Abraham") was not published until 1948 (see scholem in bibl.), his contemporaries quote various ideas on the subject of prayer from it. Naḥmanides held him in great esteem and tradition has it that he eulogized Abraham and offered a prayer in kabbalistic style by his grave. Abraham's hymn for the eve of Rosh Ha-Shanah, Aḥot Ketannah ("Little Sister"), which describes the sufferings of the Jewish people in exile, has become well known. It is as yet unclear whether other hymns signed Abraham b. Isaac Ḥazzan are wholly or in part his work, or whether they were composed by another writer of the same name.   -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Scholem, Reshit ha-Kabbalah (1948), 128, 243–8; Schirmann, Sefarad, 2 (1956), 291–4, 692; Zunz, Poesie, 311, 410; Davidson, Oẓar, 4 (1933), 355. (Jefim (Hayyim) Schirmann)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abraham ben Isaac of Narbonne — (c. 1110 ndash; 1179) was a Provençal rabbi, also known as Raavad II, and author of the halachic work Ha Eshkol ( The Cluster ).Abraham ben Isaac was probably born at Montpellier. His teacher was Moses ben Joseph ben Merwan ha Levi, and during… …   Wikipedia

  • ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC DE NARBONNE — (1110 env. 1179) Talmudiste et chef spirituel de la communauté de Provence, Abraham ben Isaac de Narbonne est l’auteur du Sefer Eshkol , son ouvrage le plus célèbre, qui est le premier code de juridiction religieuse écrit dans le sud de la France …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC OF GRANADA — ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC OF GRANADA, Spanish kabbalist, putative author of Berit Menuḥah ( The Covenant of Rest ), one of the main works of the kabbalah . Nothing is known of his life or of the era to which he belongs. In the introduction to his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC OF MONTPELLIER — (d. c. 1315), talmudist of Provence, a contemporary of menahem b. solomon ha meiri . Little is known of his life. He was born in Montpellier about 1250, and toward the end of his life settled in Carpentras. Abraham b. Isaac was known for his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC OF NARBONNE — (known as Rabi Abad; c. 1110–1179), talmudist and spiritual leader of Provence; author of Sefer ha Eshkol, the first work of codification of the halakhic commentary of southern France, which served as a model for all subsequent compilations.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC HA-KOHEN BEN AL-FURAT — (11th century), Egyptian physician and philanthropist. His father Isaac ha Kohen b. al Furat was a highly respected physician in Fostat (Old cairo ) and his uncle Solomon ha Kohen b. Joseph was the gaon in Palestine. Abraham held a high position… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC HA-KOHEN OF ZAMOŚĆ — (18th century), Polish rabbi and author. Abraham served for a short period as head of the bet din in Tarlow, but, as he was extremely wealthy, he was able to resign his position and in 1754 returned to Zamość, his birthplace. There he occupied… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC BEN GARTON — ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC BEN GARTON, first known Hebrew printer. He produced Rashi s commentary on the Pentateuch, completed at reggio calabria on Feb. 17, 1475. Although this book bears the earliest date, it was not necessarily the first Hebrew book… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham ben Isaac of Granada — was a Kabbalist of the thirteenth century. Works Abraham wrote: *A work on the Kabbala, under the title of Sefer ha Berit. This is quoted by Moses Botarel in the introduction to his commentary on the Sefer Yeẓirah, which passage contains a… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham ben Isaac de Narbonne — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rabad …   Wikipédia en Français


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